The Baule of modern day Ivory Coast perform a number of dances for village entertainment; one such performance is known as goli. A recent import from the Wan ethnic group (believed to come into use among the Baule after 1910), goli is a day long celebration usually performed during the funeral of high ranking and respected community members. Sources point to the goli dance providing not only entertainment but also protection for the village in which it is performed.
Baule goli performances consist of four red/black, male/female dance mask pairs appearing in a pre-defined order. According to Susan Vogel, the masks appear in the following social order:
Goli glin (the second pair of masks; also called goli glen) represents the mythological bull headed bush spirit Guli. Goli glin helmet masks are used in rituals designed to cleanse the village of witches (the mask is associated with death, renewal and protection). Worn horizontally over the head, the masquerader performs fast, strenuous but controlled stamping movements under the weight pf a heavy raffia costume.
Because of its powerful protective qualities, women and children are discouraged from staring directly at the mask. When not in use, goli masks are kept in the bush.