Your search for: democratic republic of the congo returned 66 results

Makunda (Initiation Mask)

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Makunda (also called n-khanda, m-khanda, longwa or nzo longo) is the initiation society used to transition male children into manhood. Yaka boys considered ready for initiation (called tundansi) are taken to a bush camp...


Kibango (Staff of Office)

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There are at least three different types of staffs, varying in degrees of importance, carried by Luba chiefs and high-ranking officials.

Dilanga is the simplest staff. It is tall and sticklike, often accompanied by a bell...


Kayamba ('The Cunning Mask')

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The social and spiritual lives of the Lega people, are governed by a central initiation society known as Bwami; Bwami is responsible for teaching morality through community performances, dances and objects. The Bwami...


Bilondo (Bwami Insignia)

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The social and spiritual lives of the Lega people are governed by a central initiation society known as Bwami; Bwami is responsible for teaching morality through community performances, dances and objects. The Bwami...


Mikisi Mihasi (Pendant)

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The Luba venerate their ancestors by carving and caring for small ivory, bone, or teeth female figurines. Said to be portraits that honour revered ancestors, mikisi mihasi pendants evoke the memory of ancestral...


Lupona (Royal Stool)

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Lupona caryatid stools, thrones, or seats of leadership, (also called kipona or kihona in some sources) are considered the most important of all Luba royal insignia of office. Used solely by Luba rulers, lupona stools are a...


Lukasa (Memory Board)

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Mbudye (pl. Bambudye) is an association, believed to have been founded in the eighteenth century, responsible for a number of Luba functions:

Assisting in the installation of a king for office Safeguarding heirlooms of...


Ngongo (Initiation Mask)

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The Lwalu (some sources use ‘Lwalwa’) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola are primarily known as mask makers. Sculptors occupy a privileged place in society (such as community chiefs) and are...


Ngongo (Initiation Mask)

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The Lwalu (some sources use ‘Lwalwa’) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola are primarily known as mask makers. Sculptors occupy a privileged place in society (such as community chiefs) and are...


Ngongo (Initiation Mask)

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The Lwalu (some sources use ‘Lwalwa’) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola are primarily known as mask makers. Sculptors occupy a privileged place in society (such as community chiefs) and are...


Ntadi (Funerary Figure)

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The Mboma, a sub-group of the Kongo ethnic group in the Boma region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, carve and display mintadi (sing. ntadi; referring to the soft stone they are made of; also called bitumba, sing....


Nsesa ('Blessings' Fly-Whisk)

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The Mfumu (Chief) is at the heart of Kongo life and rule and the nganga (pl. banganga; meaning ‘diviner’; literally ‘master/priest of minkisi’) defends the community against illness, witchcraft,...


Nkanda ('Wife of the Day' Mask)

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The Woyo (and Vili) of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola, make use of wooden masks,  banana leaf and feather costumes called ndunga. The masks and costumes are worn by members of Bandunga (also called Bakama Ba...


Makunda (Initiation Mask)

Tagged:

Makunda (also called n-khanda, m-khanda, longwa or nzo longo) is the initiation society used to transition male children into manhood. Yaka boys considered ready for initiation (called tundansi) are taken to a bush camp...


Makunda (Initiation Mask)

Tagged:

Makunda (also called n-khanda, m-khanda, longwa or nzo longo) is the initiation society used to transition male children into manhood. Yaka boys considered ready for initiation (called tundansi) are taken to a bush camp...


Nkangi Kiditu (Christ the Protector Crucifix)

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The Kongo Kingdom first made contact with the Portuguese in 1493 when explorer Diogo Cão, along with Catholic priests, explored the Congo river. This initial contact eventually led to the establishment of trade partnerships....


Muzidi (Ancestor Figure)

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The Bembe, a sub-group of the larger Kongo ethnic group of Democratic Republic of the Congo, make use of two key types of figures: ancestral figures used to represent and honour deceased community leaders, and another group of...


Nkiteki (Ancestor Figure)

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The Bembe, a sub-group of the larger Kongo ethnic group of the Democratic Republic of Congo, make use of two key types of figures: ancestral figures used to represent and honour deceased community leaders, and another group of...


Nkiteki (Ancestor Figure)

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The Bembe, a sub-group of the larger Kongo ethnic group of the Democratic Republic of Congo, make use of two key types of figures: ancestral figures used to represent and honour deceased community leaders, and another group of...


Nsiba (Divination Whistle)

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Banganga (meaning diviners; literally ‘masters / priests of minkisi‘) defend community members against illness, witchcraft, infertility, and can even provide success in specific pursuits like hunting, by leveraging...


Nkisi (Power Object)

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Nkisi, also referred to as nkishi (pl. minkisi / mankishi / zinkisi) is the general name for an object (wooden figures, clay pots, gourds or bundles) containing an empowering spirit(s). An object only becomes an nkisi when it...


Kikaku (Initiation Wall Panel)

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Nkanda is the initiation society used to transition male children into manhood among the Nkanu. Nkanu boys are taken to a bush camp (kimpasi) outside of the main village (separation), circumcised and taught what it takes to...


Kasangu (Warrior Mask)

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The Mugongo society of warriors is responsible for the protection of Salampasu communities; society members protect against invasion from rival clans or other external forces. To become a member of Mugongo, Salampasu boys must...


Mukinka (Warrior Mask)

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The Mugongo society of warriors is responsible for the protection of Salampasu communities; society members protect against invasion from rival clans or other external forces. To become a member of Mugongo, Salampasu boys must...


Nkisi (Power Figure)

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Nkisi, also referred to as nkishi (pl. minkisi / mankishi / zinkisi) is the general name for an object (wooden figures, clay pots, gourds or bundles) containing an empowering spirit(s). An object only becomes an nkisi when it...


Nkisi (Power Figure)

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Nkisi, also referred to as nkishi (pl. minkisi / mankishi / zinkisi) is the general name for an object (wooden figures, clay pots, gourds or bundles) containing an empowering spirit(s). An object only becomes an nkisi when it...


Mboko (Female Bowl-Bearing Figure)

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The Luba typically turn to a bilumbu (diviner) when seeking identification of an illness or misfortune. It is the bilumbu’s responsibility liaise with the spirit world to identify the cause of the aliment and recommend a...


Mipasi (Ancestor Figure)

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The early 19th century saw a number of Tawba families grow their wealth by building trade agreements with other families in the region. This sudden growth in wealth saw these families establish prestige and control over their...


Mipasi (Ancestor Figure)

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The early 19th century saw a number of Tawba families grow their wealth by building trade agreements with other families in the region. This sudden growth in wealth saw these families establish prestige and control over their...


Mipasi (Ancestor Figure)

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The early 19th century saw a number of Tawba families grow their wealth by building trade agreements with other families in the region. This sudden growth in wealth saw these families establish prestige and control over their...


Kifwebe (Power Mask)

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The Bwadi Bwa Kifwebe male society is responsible for maintaining control, order and rule among the Songye people of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Community leaders makes use of witchcraft (buchi) and magic (masende) to...


Kifwebe (Power Mask)

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The Bwadi Bwa Kifwebe male society is responsible for maintaining control, order and rule among the Songye people of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Community leaders makes use of witchcraft (buchi) and magic (masende) to...


Kisokolo (Initiation Headdress)

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Nkanda is the initiation society used to transition male children into manhood among the Nkanu. Nkanu boys are taken to a bush camp outside of the main village (separation), circumcised and taught what it takes to become a...


Mbuya (Village Mask)

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Mbuya village masks are used to entertain a community during non-ritual festivities. Once used during mukanda initiation ceremonies to mark the end of male circumcision rituals, mbuya masquerades are now used to highlight a...


Mbuya (Village Mask)

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Mbuya village masks are used to entertain a community during non-ritual festivities. Once used during mukanda initiation ceremonies to mark the end of male circumcision rituals, mbuya masquerades are now used to highlight a...


Hemba (Initiation Mask)

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Makunda (also called n-khanda, m-khanda, longwa or nzo longo) is the Yaka and Suku initiation society used to transition male children into manhood. Suku boys are taken to a bush camp outside of the main village, circumcised,...


Makunda (Initiation Mask)

Tagged:

Makunda (also called n-khanda, m-khanda, longwa or nzo longo) is the initiation society used to transition male children into manhood. Yaka boys considered ready for initiation (called tundansi) are taken to a bush camp...


Makunda (Initiation Mask)

Tagged:

Makunda (also called n-khanda, m-khanda, longwa or nzo longo) is the initiation society used to transition male children into manhood. Yaka boys considered ready for initiation (called tundansi) are taken to a bush camp...


Bwoom (Commoner Helmet Mask)

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During male initiation ceremonies (nkaan), a helmet mask called bwoom is danced; the performance is used to teach initiates about Kuba history, cultural values and to instil an appreciation for Woot (the founding father and...


Ngaady aMwash (Mweel Mask)

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Legend has it that Woot (the first man created by God) contracted an illness, ran to the forest with his sister (Mweel) for recovery and they eventually emerged out of the forest as husband and wife after an incestuous...


Mukyeem (Woot Helmet Mask)

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The Kuba believe that they are descendants of Woot, the first man created by God (called Mboom, Mfcoom or Ncyeem aPoong in different sources). As the founding father and thus an ancestor of all Kuba kings (known as nyim),...


Lukungu (Skull Ornament)

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The social and spiritual lives of the Lega people, are governed by a central initiation society known as Bwami; Bwami is responsible for teaching morality through community performances, dances and objects. The Bwami...


Kipoko (Chief Helmet Mask)

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The Eastern Pende believe that the kipoko mask (meaning ‘sword user’; poko meaning ‘knife’ or ‘sword’) contains the spirit of male beauty and represents the Chief of the community. The big...


Mbuya (Village Mask)

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Mbuya village masks are used to entertain a community during non-ritual festivities. Once used during mukanda initiation ceremonies to mark the end of male circumcision rituals, mbuya masquerades are now used to highlight a...


Mbuya (Village Mask)

Tagged:

Mbuya village masks are used to entertain a community during non-ritual festivities. Once used during mukanda initiation ceremonies to mark the end of male circumcision rituals, mbuya masquerades are now used to highlight a...


Makunda (Initiation Mask)

Tagged:

Makunda (also called n-khanda, m-khanda, longwa or nzo longo) is the initiation society used to transition male children into manhood. Yaka boys considered ready for initiation (called tundansi) are taken to a bush camp...


Mbuya (Village Mask)

Tagged:

Mbuya village masks are used to entertain a community during non-ritual festivities. Once used during mukanda initiation ceremonies to mark the end of male circumcision rituals, mbuya masquerades are now used to highlight a...


Mbuya (Village Mask)

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Mbuya village masks are used to entertain a community during non-ritual festivities. Once used during mukanda initiation ceremonies to mark the end of male circumcision rituals, mbuya masquerades are now used to highlight a...


M-Mbwoolu (Healing Figure)

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The Yaka typically turn to a ngoombu (diviner) when seeking identification of an illness or misfortune. It is the ngoombu’s responsibility to identify the cause of the aliment and recommend a remedy, without prior knowledge...


Kopa (Ceremonial Cup)

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Yaka community leaders have a number of items that form part of their royal collection. One of these items is the kopa ceremonial cup (also called koopa or mbassa; used by the Suku too). Presented to every new chief at his...


N'Koku Ngoombu (Slit Drum)

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The Yaka typically turn to a ngoombu (diviner) when seeking identification of an illness or misfortune. It is the ngoombu’s responsibility to identify the cause of the aliment and recommend a remedy, without prior...


Iginga (Human Figure)

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The social and spiritual lives of the Lega people, are governed by a central initiation society known as Bwami; Bwami is responsible for teaching morality through community performances, dances and objects. The Bwami...


Kalukili (Spoon)

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The social and spiritual lives of the Lega people, are governed by a central initiation society known as Bwami; Bwami is responsible for teaching morality through community performances, dances and objects. The Bwami...


Bilondo (Bwami Insignia)

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The social and spiritual lives of the Lega people, are governed by a central initiation society known as Bwami; Bwami is responsible for teaching morality through community performances, dances and objects. The Bwami...


Idimu (Lineage Ornament)

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The social and spiritual lives of the Lega people, are governed by a central initiation society known as Bwami; Bwami is responsible for teaching morality through community performances, dances and objects. The Bwami...


Lukwakongo (Ancestor Ornament)

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The social and spiritual lives of the Lega people, are governed by a central initiation society known as Bwami; Bwami is responsible for teaching morality through community performances, dances and objects. The Bwami...


Singiti (Royal Ancestor Figure)

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Singiti (pl. lusingiti) figures are idealised and stylised depictions of deceased Hemba leaders. It is believed that the chief’s spirit inhabited the singiti figure and that ancestors are able to influence the success...


Singiti (Royal Ancestor Figure)

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Singiti (pl. lusingiti) figures are idealised and stylised depictions of deceased Hemba leaders. It is believed that the chief’s spirit inhabited the singiti figure and that ancestors are able to influence the success...


Singiti (Royal Ancestor Figure)

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Singiti (pl. lusingiti) figures are idealised and stylised depictions of deceased Hemba leaders. It is believed that the chief’s spirit inhabited the singiti figure and that ancestors are able to influence the success...


Nkisi (Power Figure)

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Nkisi, also referred to as nkishi (pl. minkisi / mankishi / zinkisi) is the general name for an object (wooden figures, clay pots, gourds or bundles) containing an empowering spirit(s).
An object only becomes an nkisi...


Ndop (Royal Ancestor Figure)

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Ndop (meaning ‘statue’) figures are idealised and stylised depictions of deceased Kuba Bushoong leaders (Nyim). Opinions vary about the actual use of the figures. Some sources state that the figures were carved...


Phemba (Maternity Figure)

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Commonly viewed as maternity figures, phemba (also called pfemba meaning ‘the one who gives children in-potentia’1) are used to symbolise the fertility, growth, wealth, spiritual power and creativity of the entire...


Nkisi (Power Figure)

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Nkisi, also referred to as nkishi (pl. minkisi / mankishi / zinkisi) is the general name for an object containing a spirit(s). Typically, each community will have a central nkisi figure as will individuals within that...


Nkisi (Power Figure)

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Nkisi, also referred to as nkishi (pl. minkisi / mankishi / zinkisi) is the general name for an object containing a spirit(s). Typically, each community will have a central nkisi figure as will individuals...


Nkisi (Power Figure)

Tagged:

Nkisi, also referred to as nkishi (pl. minkisi / mankishi / zinkisi) is the general name for an object containing a spirit(s). Typically, each community will have a central nkisi figure as will individuals...


Nkisi (Power Figure)

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Nkisi, also referred to as nkishi (pl. minkisi / mankishi / zinkisi) is the general name for an object containing a spirit(s). Typically, each community will have a central nkisi figure as will individuals...