Your search for: helmet mask returned 28 results

Agwe Chaka (Funerary 'Trickster' Mask)

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Cultures of the Cross River region of southeastern Nigeria and western Cameroon, such as the Ejagham of Nigeria and the Banyang of Cameroon, are known for the distinctive art of covering a wooden carving with animal or human...


Kponyungo (Funeral Helmet Mask)

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The kponyungo mask is the generic Senufo term for helmet masks. Kponyungo translates to ‘funeral head mask’, or ‘head of Poro’.

The Senufo use helmet masks across a number of different organised...


Makunda (Initiation Mask)

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Makunda (also called n-khanda, m-khanda, longwa or nzo longo) is the initiation society used to transition male children into manhood. Yaka boys considered ready for initiation (called tundansi) are taken to a bush camp...


Makunda (Initiation Mask)

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Makunda (also called n-khanda, m-khanda, longwa or nzo longo) is the initiation society used to transition male children into manhood. Yaka boys considered ready for initiation (called tundansi) are taken to a bush camp...


Misikun (Cow Helmet Mask)

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Six initiation societies, known as dyow (sing. dyo), govern the social, economic, and spiritual lives of Bamana men. The six societies are n’domo, komo, nama, kono, chi wara and kore. A Bamana man must pass through each...


Manratche (Initiation Mask)

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The Bidjogo (also known as Bijogo, Bijagó, Bidyogo and Bidyugo) people of Bissagos (also Bijagós) archipelago, in current day Guinea Bissau, hold initiation rituals for young girls and boys, according to their age group....


Troh (Night Society Helmet Mask)

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Among the Bangwa kingdoms of the Cameroon Grassfields, the central fwa (chief) and a number of secret societies are responsible for the social rule of each kingdom. One such society is the Night Society (Troh) of nine council...


Tu Nkum Mpelet (Prestige Helmet Mask)

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Among the many kingdoms (fondom) of the Cameroon Grassfields, the central fon (chief) and a number of secret societies are responsible for the social rule of each kingdom. In close counsel with Kwifor, Ngwerong, Mfu and...


Vaa Bong (Initiation Helmet Mask)

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Vaa-bong helmet masks are used during the initiation of young Mumuye boys into the Vaa-Bong cult. At the end of the initiation period, vaa-bong masquerades dance in male only groups or in paris with their female counterpart...


Lang Gbadna (Bush Spirit Helmet Mask)

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The Chamba of Nigeria are divided into clans and chiefdoms, each of which is associated with a Vara (skull) cult of deceased ancestors. The cult celebrates and worships ancestors and the protective bush spirit of the community...


Bo Nun Amuin ('Gods of the Bush' Helmet Mask)

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Considered the most sacred of masks, the Baule of modern day Ivory Coast make use of the bo nun amuin mask (also called bonu amuin, amuin yasua or bonu amuen; meaning ‘gods of the bush’ or ‘gods risen from...


Goli (Entertainment Mask)

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The Baule of modern day Ivory Coast perform a number of dances for village entertainment; one such performance is known as goli. A recent import from the Wan ethnic group (believed to come into use among the Baule after...


Hemba (Initiation Mask)

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Makunda (also called n-khanda, m-khanda, longwa or nzo longo) is the Yaka and Suku initiation society used to transition male children into manhood. Suku boys are taken to a bush camp outside of the main village, circumcised,...


Makunda (Initiation Mask)

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Makunda (also called n-khanda, m-khanda, longwa or nzo longo) is the initiation society used to transition male children into manhood. Yaka boys considered ready for initiation (called tundansi) are taken to a bush camp...


Bwoom (Commoner Helmet Mask)

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During male initiation ceremonies (nkaan), a helmet mask called bwoom is danced; the performance is used to teach initiates about Kuba history, cultural values and to instil an appreciation for Woot (the founding father and...


Mukyeem (Woot Helmet Mask)

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The Kuba believe that they are descendants of Woot, the first man created by God (called Mboom, Mfcoom or Ncyeem aPoong in different sources). As the founding father and thus an ancestor of all Kuba kings (known as nyim),...


Nwenka (Sacred Helmet Mask)

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The Bobo of Burkina Faso believe that the earth was created by the supreme being Wuro. During the creation of man, Wuro also produced masks to act as physical representations of his son Duwo through which man could...


Molo (Sacred Helmet Mask)

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The Bobo of Burkina Faso believe that the earth was created by the supreme being Wuro. During the creation of man, Wuro also produced masks to act as physical representations of his son Duwo through which man could...


Kipoko (Chief Helmet Mask)

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The Eastern Pende believe that the kipoko mask (meaning ‘sword user’; poko meaning ‘knife’ or ‘sword’) contains the spirit of male beauty and represents the Chief of the community. The big...


Agbogho Mmwo (Maiden Spirit Helmet Mask)

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Used by the male Mmwo secret society, agbogho mmwo helmet masks (also called agbogho monnwu or ikorodo meaning ‘maiden spirit mask’) are used during annual ‘fame of maidens’ ceremonies to honour...


Ndoli Jowei (Sande Sowei Helmet Mask)

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The social, economic and spiritual lives of Mende men and women in Sierra Leone are governed by a number of secret initiation societies of which the primary societies are the male Poro (meaning ‘no end’ or...


Wanyugo (Funeral Helmet Mask)

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The wanyugo (also called wanyugu) mask, used by the Wabele society active within Southern Senufo sub-groups, functions mainly to detect and ward off the influences of witches, negative forces (dee bele) and bush spirits...


Epa (Ancestor Helmet Mask)

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Epa helmet masks are used to promote health and wellbeing within a community by celebrating and honouring ancestors, cultural heroes and important individuals (including mothers, priests, farmers, kings and hunters) within a...


Epa (Ancestor Helmet Mask)

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Epa helmet masks are used to promote health and wellbeing within a community by celebrating and honouring ancestors, cultural heroes and important individuals (including mothers, priests, farmers, kings and hunters) within a...


Epa (Ancestor Helmet Mask)

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Epa helmet masks are used to promote health and wellbeing within a community by celebrating and honouring ancestors, cultural heroes and important individuals (including mothers, priests, farmers, kings and hunters) within a...


Epa (Ancestor Helmet Mask)

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Epa helmet masks are used to promote health and wellbeing within a community by celebrating and honouring ancestors, cultural heroes and important individuals (including mothers, priests, farmers, kings and hunters) within a...


Epa (Ancestor Helmet Mask)

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Epa helmet masks are used to promote health and wellbeing within a community by celebrating and honouring ancestors, cultural heroes and important individuals (including mothers, priests, farmers, kings and hunters) within a...


Muti Wa Lipito ('Head of the Lipiko' Helmet Mask)

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Worn during male and female initiation ceremonies (Likumbi), muti wa lipiko helmet masks (pl. mapiko meaning ‘head of the Lipiko’) are a visual representation of past ancestors. The masks are used to demonstrate...