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Mwana Hiti ('Child of Wood' Figure)


The Zaramo mwana hiti, meaning “child of wood,” is used in initiation ceremonies of the Kwere, Zaramo, Luguru, and Gogo people of Tanzania. Zaramo mwana hiti figures carry both practical and symbolic significance. They serve as companions for...

Muti Wa Lipito ('Head of the Lipiko' Helmet Mask)


Worn during male and female initiation ceremonies (Likumbi), muti wa lipiko helmet masks (pl. mapiko meaning ‘head of the Lipiko’) are a visual representation of past ancestors. The masks are used to demonstrate...